Home.jpg (2678 bytes) Finnish M28/30
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In 1930 the M28 was improved with a screw adjustable front sight, improved rear sight, improved bedding of the barrel and a modified magazine box to prevent rim jams. The M28/30 rifles were built by the Civil Guard workshop known as SAKO (Suojeluskuntain Ase ja Konepaja Oy) and have the “S in Gear” logo and the Civil Guard abbreviation “SK.Y” (Suojeluskuntain Yliesikunta) on the barrel shank. Some M28s were later upgraded to M28/30 specifications and a mix of features may be found on these rifles.

For all models see the Mosin Nagant Rifle Specifications page.
Weight Over All
Cleaning Rod Length (approx.)
9 1/2 lbs.
4.3 kg.
46 3/4"
118.7 cm.
68.6 cm.
43 1/4"
109.9 cm.
.3082" 23 1/4"
59.1 cm.
24 3/8"
61.9 cm.


Years of Production by Arsenal
For all models see the Mosin Nagant Rifle Years of Production page.
Sk.Y No maker, late date No maker, no date
1933 to 1940 1968 to 1970 late '60s-early '70s


Barrel Markings
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SAKO (Suojeluskuntain Ase ja Konepaja Oy)/
Sk.Y (Suojeluskuntain Yliesikunta)


Receiver Tang Markings

Finnish tang markings can be any Russian or Soviet marks, but are usually 1919 or earlier.


Stock Variations
one piece Russian stock 0070.jpg (78205 bytes)
two piece Finnish stock 0013.jpg (80007 bytes)
two piece Finnish stock with toe splice and wire swivels in slots

M27 action and early nosecap

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Reused Russian Hex Receiver
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The Finnish Civil Guard M28/30 rear sight is a completely new design specifically for this model. The base is a sleeve around the barrel and soldered in place with ears at the rear to protect the leaf from damage. It is numbered 2, 4, 6, and 8 on the left side representing hundreds of meters. The leaf is numbered on top with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10; on the back with 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20; and has a slot down the middle to untilize the back sight notch. The rear notch is a shallow U shape which is a separate piece screwed to the bottom of the leaf.
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The front sight base has integral ears to protect the blade and is soldered to the barrel. The blade has a tail that fits inside the base and is held there by two screws which are also used for adjusting windage. A set screw behind the blade holds the base on the barrel during the soldering process and a notch in front of the blade accepts the hook of the muzzle cover.
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This trigger has a small hole that serves no apparent purpose. A mousetrap spring is added around the trigger pin.

M28trigger1.JPG (41125 bytes) M28trigger2.JPG (16952 bytes) M28trigger3.JPG (14928 bytes)


One piece nose cap Finnish modified "Häiriövapaa" (jamb free) magazine body
M28nosecap1piece.JPG (13706 bytes) magfinn.JPG (82560 bytes)

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M28/30 stock fore end reinforcing, side view M28/30 stock fore end reinforcing, barrel channel view
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M28/30 barrel sleeve, handgaurd removed M28/30 cleaning rod retaining nut
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Sling Slots
Front Rear
RusEF.jpg (5552 bytes) RusER.jpg (5474 bytes)


Stock Splice

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handgM2830.JPG (21352 bytes)

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